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Fars

Fars

05/21/13

Geography and History

The Fars Province with an area of 122,608 sq. km. is located to the south of Esfahan Province. In 2006, this province had a population of 4.33 million people out of which 38.05% resided in rural areas and the rest were urban settlers. The Zagross Mountains elongated from the northwest to the southeast, have divided this province into two distinct geographical regions. According to the latest divisions, this province contains the following townships: Estahban, Abadeh, Eqleed, Bovanat, Jahrum, Darab, Sepeedan, Shiraz, Fasa, Firooz Abad, Kazeroon, Lar, Lamerd, Marvdasht, Mamasani and Nayreez.The charming city of Shiraz with about one million inhabitants, is the capital of this province. Shiraz is known worldwide for it’s cultural and historical attractions.The mountain chain of the Zagross crosses the province from the northwest towards the southeast, and divides the province into two distinguishable parts. The first is located on north-northwest, while the second is located on the south-southeast of the province, and both are mountainous highlands. The north part starts from the mounts of Semirom, and ends at the south of Abadeh, in the point called Kooh-e-Azemat, and its arduous pass which is called Koly Kush. The southern part consists of the highlands of the Shiraz area, including the Maharloo, Kharman and Todaj Mountains. The western altitudes are the prolongation of Kohkiluyeh Province highlands towards the Mamasani Mountains, and southern altitudes includes the Darab Mountains and the Tangestan Highland.

Climate

There are definitely three distinct climatic regions in the Fars Province. First, the mountainous area of the north and northwest with moderate cold winters and mild summers. Secondly, the central regions, with relatively rainy mild winters, and hot dry summers. The third region located in the south and southeast, due to lower altitudes and position of mountains, the quantity of rainfall in winter is lower than spring and autumn. It has moderate winters with very hot summers. The average temperature of Shiraz city is 16.8° C, ranging between 4.7° and 29.2° C.

History and Culture

The Fars Province is considered as one of the primitive centers of civilization and one of the most famous provinces of the Old Persian Empire, thus, for centuries was a home to kingdoms in the Iranian Plateau. Before Islam, two main Iranian leaders named Koorosh (Cyrus) and Ardeshir Babakan rose from this region and each began their vast dynasties, that is the Achaemanian and the Sassanian respectively. At the end of the Achaemanian Dynasty that ruled in Iran for about 219 years, Alexander the Macedonian founded the Seleucidian Dynasty (311 BC) in Iran and established many cities in the Pars (Fars) region.
Meanwhile, local powers under an Iranian name established their government in the central part of the region, in an area called Estakhr. Since 250 BC, on their coins imprints of Pahlavi scripts with Iranian figures and Zoroastrian braziers could be observed. However, the Pars region was a part of Seleucidian Empire till the period of Antioukhous IV period. After the Parthians liberated the central parts of the Seleucidian Empire, Pars became an independent state.Later on Muslims for the first time invaded Fars during the reign of Omar the Caliph. In 17 AH one of commanders of Ala-ebne-Hazrami, governor of Bahrain was defeated by Iranian governor of Fars. In spite of the Iranian resistance against the moslem invaders. Ultimately, Estakhr, Tooj, Fasa and Shiraz cities were surrounded by moslems and though with violation, they finally gave up to Islam. At that time, Fars had expanded considerably encompassing Yazd and region along the desert. It is because of this diverse and interesting historical background that Fars has so many historical monuments yet to discovered.In 3rd century AH, at the time of the caliphate weakness,Fars was surrounded by Jacob Leis, the founder of the Saffarian Dynasty, and the city of Shiraz became the capital. His brother constructed a big Jame’ Mosque in Shiraz. After that Fars was surrounded by the Al-e-Boyeh and later on by the Seljukians. At the time of weakness of the latter, Sonqor-ebne-Modood established the Fars Atabakan Dynasty. They ruled Fars till 543 AH and after a while the region was invaded by the Mongols.In 754 AH, the Al-e-Mozafar Dynasty surrounded Fars and ruled there till 895 AH. In 959 AH, Shah Ismail Safavid conquered Fars after which Shiraz and other cities in Fars developed considerably. Although part of the city was destroyed during the reign of Nader Shah, with Karim Khan Zand, Shiraz found its peace again at the time of the latter. In the Pahlavi era, important construction works were performed in Fars and Shiraz. After the Qajar period, the province has dealt with occasional uprisings of the Qashqaie tribes. After the revolution in 1978, this province has been a thriving area and was developed considerably in recent years.On this marvelous historical background, many different historical and ancient monuments have remained. Each of which has its own values as a worldwide heritage, which reflects the history of the province and the country.Due to geographical characteristics of Fars and its proximity to the Persian Gulf, since long it has been a residing area for different natives and tribes from other parts of the world like Turks, Semites, and Aryans who were under the influence of Iranian culture. However, the original tribes of Fars including Qashqaie, Mamasani, Khamseh and Kohkiluyeh have kept their native and unique culture and life styles which constitute part of the cultural heritage of the country attracting mainly international tourists.

Fars Province Townships

Abadeh, Bovanat, Darab, Eqleed, Estahban, Fasa, Firooz Abad, Jahrum, Kazeroon, Lamerd, Lar, Mamasani, Marvdasht, Nayreez, Sepeedan, Shiraz.

Abadeh

Abadeh is located at 638 km from Tehran. The antiquity of this area is far beyond a millennium; however, it started developing only after Karim Khan Zand chose Shiraz as the mountainous capital of Iran. This city is the first mountainous city of northern Fars and is located in a vast plain at an altitude of 2,000 m. known as “Sarhad”. It has fertile lands which attract tribes such as Qashqaie in summer and spring as a summer residing quarter.In this city various religious and historical monuments have remained.

Bovanat

In the past it was a part of Abadeh and recently was distinguished as a township and Sourian is its center. the history of Bovanat is intermingled with that of Abadeh.

Darab

It is located to the southeast of the province. Darab is geographically divided in two regions. The north-east region is mountainous and forested, the south-central region has much lower altitude and includes vast plains. Its original name was Darabgerd (Darabjerd). The ruins of this city still remain in the south west of the present town which is known as Dehya Castle. In Darab, lemon trees are grown which are a speciality of Iran.

Eqleed

It is located in north Fars and means “Key”, it is surrounded by mountains in the south and in the west. It is quite fertile and encompasses many historical and religious monuments such as a few jame’ mosques, inscriptions and towers.”Dokhtar Gabar” and Tang-e-Boraq Gorge are situated in this township.

Estahban

It is situated at 1112 km. from Tehran. The re-construction of Estahban, after the invasion of Mongols was performed by Amir Mobarezodin Al-e-Mozafar in 746 AH. It is located between two altitudes and to the south of the Bakhtegan Lake; the eastern part has a hot climate and the rest is rather mild because of the mountains. Forests of fig trees have contributed to the economy of this region based on exports.

Fasa

It is located in the southeast of Shiraz, in a rather mountainous region. Most villages of this township are also situated in these altitudes. Only the south-east and north-west regions are to some extent flat. In the clay inscriptions of Persepolis, its name was mentioned as “Peshi Ya” or “Beshi Ya”. In the year 23 AH Osman-ebne-Abi-Al-Ass, conquered the city. During 4th century AH Fasa was the second most important town of “Darabgerd State” was to the same extent as Shiraz.

Firooz Abad

Located at 1035 km. from Tehran and in a mountainous region with a moderate climate in north and hot weather in the south. It is one of the main gathering points for the Qashqaie tribes as a summer quarter. The present Firooz Abad city is located 3 km. to the south-east of a historical monument known as Gour which was made by Ardeshir Babakan, the founder of Sassanian Dynasty. Gour has been the center of the Ardeshir Khoreh region. Moslem Arabs captured this city in 28-29 AH. Many historical monuments are left in the town, mainly from Sassanian period most of which are comparable to the ones of Takht-e-Jamshid (Persepolis).

Jahrum

Located southeast of  Shiraz and 1158 km from Tehran.The city is one of the oldest regions of Iran and has many historical monuments. In fact it is said that this citywas constructed near the ancient city of Jahrum. It has a hot climate with famous palm groves. In fact Jahrom’s dates are well known for their quality. Jahrom has many citrus orchards and the products are mostly exported to other regions.

Kazeroon

Kazeroon is located to the west of  Shiraz and is 1032 km. from Tehran.It has a rather hot climate with different intensities. It is one of the oldest cities of Iran. The Parishan Protected Lake is situated to the southeast of Kazeroon. In the old times, the city of Shapur was more developed than Kazeroon. Today the ruins of the city of Shapur can be seen 20 km. away from Kazeroon. In 483-495 AD the city was developed as a result of the efforts of Firooz (son of Bahram the Sassanide) and at the time of Qobad, 487-498 AD it further developed and enlarged. There are many historical monuments in this city.

Lamerd

This newly established township is a part of the Larestan region and its history is intermingled with that of Lar.

Lar

It is situated 1,324 km. from Tehran and is considered to be in the southeast of the province of Fars. It is located in a plain with a very hot climate. In Sassanian period, due to construction of a fire temple, this region became the center of attention. By the end of the 8th century, it was the center of minting a type of money called “Larbon” which was used in the coastal regions of the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean.

Mamasani

Located to the west of Shiraz, it has a rather cold climate in north and warm in the south. In old history books, Mamasani was mentioned as”Shoulestan”, derivated from Shoul, which was one of Lur tribes.

Marvdasht

This township is located in the north of Shiraz and it has a cold weather in the hilly areas and moderate climate in other regions. Archeological excavations have shown that millenniums before Darius decided to choose the plains of Mount Rahmat for the construction of the majestic Persepolis Palaces, civilized populations had been living in the Marvdasht Plains. The ruins of Estakhr and Persepolis demonstrate a part of history of this city.

Nayreez
Nayreez is 1,140 km. from Tehran. It is situated in the southeast of the Bakhtegan Lake. This city has a moderate climate in north and is warm in the south. In clay inscriptions of Persepolis it is mentioned as “Narizi”. Ancient “Arsiman” in Natanz is 6000 years old.

Sepeedan

Sepeedan or Ardakan, is located to the north of the Fars province, in a mountainous and forested region mostly covered with oak trees. The city of Ardakan is about eight centuries old.

Shiraz

The beautiful and charming city of Shiraz is about 919 km far from Tehran and it is the center of the Fars Province. This township has a moderate climate with regular seasons. Since long Shiraz has been considered to have a great importance in the history. Its name can be found in the Elamite inscriptions of Persepolis. The memorial tombs of two well-known poets of Iran, Hafez and Sa’di, as well as Khajoo are all situated in the city of Shiraz. The long history of this city has left many historical and cultural monuments along with the natural views to be visited by tourists.

Historical Monuments

Afif Abad Military Museum, Shiraz

The Golshan garden, also known as Afif Abad Garden has a beautiful building that was converted to a museum in 1988. This museum has a collection of military artifacts in the ground floor and on first floor there are beautiful reception halls and rooms decorated with paintings, which are worth seeing.

 

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Narenjestan Museum, Shiraz

Built in 1881, this magnificent building located in a beautiful citrus garden which dates back to the Qajar period. It was restored in 1967. This museum contains some of the objects relevant to 3000 years ago and also it’s photographic and slide archives on ancient monuments of Iran is considered to be one of the best in the country.

 

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Pars Museum, Shiraz

The Kolah Farangi pavilion located in the midst of the Nazar Garden in Shiraz, was converted to a museum in 1852 and was restored in 1901. In this museum eleven paintings by Aqa Sadeq, a well known artist of that time, is on display. The building is composed of a central hall with a dome and four alcoves. In the eastern side, Karim Khan Zand was originally buried. Valuable objects can also be seen in this museum.

 

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Persepolis Museum, Marvdasht

It is situated in the Khashayar Shah’s Harem. It was inaugurated in 1938 under the name of Takht-e-Jamshid (Persepolis). In this museum objects from the pre-historic, Achaemenian and Islamic periods are all collected in three different sections and are on exhibit.

 

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Shah Cheraq Museum, Shiraz

Inaugurated in 1966 in the main court of Shah Cheragh, this museum has many valuable Qorans and calligraphy as well as ancient objects.

Shohada Museum, Shiraz

The museum building consists of two stories. In ground floor, there is a permenant exhibition museum which consists of paintings and calligraphy of contemporary artists and poets and Shohadas. In the first floor there is a temporary exhibition museum which consists of paintings and calligraphy of art students.

Abbasi Bridge, Lar

This bridge was built on the east of the Shoor River during the Safavid period. It had seven columns, possibly most of which are still remain. This bridge has been basically repaired many times.

 

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Band-e-Amir Bridge, Marvdasht

In the south-east of the Marvdasht plains, and across the Korr River, a very fortified dam was made, the bridge of which is called Band-e-Amir. This bridge, being an important monument of the early centuries of Islam, related to the Azododoleh-ye-Daylami period.

 

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Bishapour Ruined City, Kazeroon

This city was built by Shapour I and included palaces with a large fire-temple and inscriptions of the Pahlavi script. The main palace has a hall with many corridors and various varandas and gardens.The plan of the hall is 20 sided.

 

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Firooz Abad Fire Temple, Firooz Abad

It was made of well-carved stones on a large foundation, upon which the fire temple was situated. On the top of this structure a dome was placed overlooking the city. At present only the tower has been remained.

 

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Sassanide Grand Fire Temple, Firooz Abad

At the distance of 30 km. south of Firooz Abad, there are the ruins of a monument which probably used to be the greatest aggregate of fire-temples of the Sassanide era. The exterior wall is 85 m. long and 40 m. wide. Inside the fortification, where the fire-temples and residences of Zoroastrian priests, along with under ground pathways that can still be observed.

 

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Hafiz Tomb, Shiraz

Hafiz is one of the most famous Gnostics and poets of Iran, who was born in Shiraz in 726 AH and passed away 65 years later. The tomb of Hafiz also known as Hafizieh is located north of Shiraz and comprises of two gardens. Many people still come to pay homage to this master of poetry. The mausoleum itself is located in a lovely garden, and has an atmosphere of peace and calm that is quite unique.

 

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Koorush Kabir (Cyrus) Shrine, Shiraz-Esfahan Rd.

On the Shiraz – Esfahan Road and in the Morqab plains, this rectangular monument is built on a six-storey platform. On the top floor, which is 3 m. high, there are two tombs, one belonging to Koorush, and the other to his wife Kassandan mother of Kamboujieh. These two graves are interconnected by a meter long and 35 cm. wide corridor.

 

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Sa’di Tomb, Shiraz

Sa’di, a keen traveler and famous Gnostic, was a known poet of the 7th century AH. he was born in Shiraz and passed away between the years 695-691 AH. In 1942, the present building was constructed by the Association for National Arts and the tomb of Sa’di was placed in an octagonal mausoleum with high dome and interesting tile works.

 

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Shah Shoja’ Mozafari Tomb, Shiraz

In Takht-e-Zarabi and to the west of Tekiyeh-ye-Haft Tanan, the tomb of the most reputed monarch of the Mozafar Dynasty,i.e., Abolfovares Shah Shoja’ son of Amir Mobarezedin exists. In 1971 a memorial was constructed on his grave which is of special value from architectural and historical point of view.

 

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Karim Khani Citadel, Shiraz  

It used to be the main residential palace of Karim Khan-e-Zand and his dynasty in Shiraz. Surrounded by high brick walls, there are four towers, each at a corner of the complex. This place was used as a prison for thirty five years until 1971. Although damaged as a result of misuse, renovations are taking place. This monument is a good representative of the architectural style which was typical of the Zand period.

 

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Khan School, Shiraz

This historical monument is situated in Shiraz city. This building was constructed by Allah Verdi Khan and his son in the Shah Abbas period. This place, which used to be a theological school, has been restored several times.

 

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Ornaments of Khan School

 

Moshir Arcade, Shiraz

Golshan or Moshir Caravansary is located near Vakil Bazaar, which is relic of Mirza Abol Hassan Moshir-ol-Molk. This arcade was repaired in 1970. Its rooms have been used as an exhibition hall for the demonstration of local handicrafts of Fars, thus called “Sarayeh Honar” (Art House).

 

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Vakil Bazaar, Shiraz

This bazaar is located in Darb-e-Shahzadeh (Gate of Prince), near the Vakil Mosque. It has five entrances with two rows of shops (Hojreh), situated north-south and east-west direction and perpendicular to each other. It displays a beautiful architecture with wide corridors and high ceilings along with openings which allow air circulation and penetration of light.

 

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Naqsh-e-Rajab Engraving, North Persepolis, Marvdasht

To the north of Persepolis, there are carvings of Ardeshir Babakan and Shapour I . This carving consists of three embossed pictures of Ardeshir Babakan, Shapour I, as well as the emblem of his dynasty besides other great personalities of the Ardeshir era.

 

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Naqsh-e-Rostam Engraving, Haji Abad, Marvdasht

In the same direction as the historical site of Naghsh-e-Rajab and at the termination of the Haji-Abad Mountain, there are many historical ruins belonging to the Achaemanian, Elamite and Sassanian periods. These sites include: The stone carvings on the lower slopes (Sassanian), tombs of the Achaemanian Kings on the top of the hill and the square-shaped monument (Zoroastrian inscription) on the right side. This complex no doubt is a major tourist attraction site specially for those interested in archaeology and history.
Details of the carvings :The impression shows Nerssi (296-304 AD), the elder son of Shapour I as being designated the King by Anahita (Nahid).This carving is located at the lower portion of the tomb of Darius the Great and consists of two similar seats. The upper image shows Bahram II (277-293 AD) fighting the enemy.Representing the conquest of Shapour I (242-271 AD) against Valerian the Roman Emperor. In this carving Shapour I is sitting on a horse and Valerian kneeling by the horse. Ceriyadis (the challenger of Valerian) is standing in front of the horse, and the king of Iran with streched hands, offers him a ring, to rule east roma country.This carving shows the conquest of Hormozd II, the Sassanian Monarch.
A picture of Bahram II defeating the enemy.This famous carving is of great importance. It shows a person who is standing. To his left, a head and face can be seen.A representation of Ardeshir Babakan (226-242 AD), this carving shows him being designated as the King by Ahura Mazda.

 

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Naqsh-e-Shapour Engraving, Kazeroon

It has remained as a part of a thriving city. The ruins of Shapour exists in the Chogan Valley, a few kilometers away from Kazeroon. In the Chogan Valley, on the precipice of the mountain and on both sides of a river, many carvings can be distinguished:
Two men on their horses standing face to face and a third person bending on his knees stretching his hands as though begging for forgiveness. It seems to be an impression of Shapour on a horse , with curly hair and a crown of a monarch. Above Shapour’s head there is an angel with a horn. On two sides of the carvings, are two arches, in each of which three people are encarved. It seems that Shapour is apparently receiving people with gifts for him. This shows Shapour with two armed soldiers on their horses. One of them is giving a ring to the other.

 

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Pasargadae, Marvdasht

This palace is 600 meters to the northeast of the Koorush shrine. The area of this palace is 2,620 square meters and includes a large hall (with eight columns) in the middle and four terraces in four directions and two rooms in the corners. To the east of the palace is Pasargadae, composed of a large hall with eight columns. There is a doorway on the north, east and western side of this hall. In the northern doorway, there is an impression of a winged human with two wings directed towards the sky and two wings to the bottom. Where as the hands are raised towards the sky in a gesture of prayer. This edifice with 3,427 square meters area, is located 15 km. northwest of the palace. The main hall has 30 columns made of white stone. A mass of black and white stones have been used as construction material. One of the characteristics of Pasargadae is the canals made of white stone, which were used, for irrigation.There are equally other remains distributed in the province, some registered as national heritage monuments. These include the ruins of the Achaemenian Dynasty (Saravan Village), the Dokhtar Palace (Rastaq Village) dating back to the 3rd century AD, the restored Sassanian Palace (Sarvestan) dating originally back to the time of Bahram Gour (year 420 AD), Ardeshir Babakan Palace (Marvdasht).

 

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Pasargadae

 

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Koorush Palace

 

Persepolis (Takht-e-Jamshid), Marvdasht

On top of the rocky mountain of Rahmat in the plain of Marvdasht, the ruins of Takht-e-Jamshid palace are pre-eminent. Construction of these palaces started at the time of Darius I (521 BC) and was not completed in less than a period of 150 years. Takht-e-Jamshid is registered as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

 

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Persepolis (100 Gate Palace)

 

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Persepolis (100 Gate Palace)

 

The entrance of the complex is formed by a two-ramp stairway composed of 110 rather wide and short steps. On top of the stairways is the main entrance or “The Great Gate”, marked by two statues of a bull with a human head and a pair of wings. There are two exits, one to the south and the other to the east. The south exit or gate connects to the Apadana Palace.

 

 

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Persepolis

 

Takht-e-Jamshid is 125 thousand sq.m. in area, and is composed of the main sections:
Official reception halls and palaces.
Smaller and more private palaces.
Royal treasury.
Private fort and special fortification.
Various edifices or palaces that have been built are as follows:
The Small Palace or the Gate of All Nations.
The Apadana Palace.
The Palace of Darius,(one of the primary palaces constructed on the Takht-e-Jamshid rock, which was also called the “Tachar” Palace.).
Hall or palace of a Hundred Columns.
The Semifinished Gate or palace.
Treasury of Takht-e-Jamshid.
The Three Doorway or Consultation Palace or Hall.
The stone well.
Tombs of Ardeshir II and III.
The Palace of Khashayar Shah (called “Hadish”).

 

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Persepolis

 

Takht-e-Jamshid was set ablaze by Alexander the Greek (330 BC) after which only ruins have remained. From these ruins, the Apadana Palace, at the main entrance, with 36 columns and three balconies (12 columns in each) in the north, south and eastern sections of the palace have been remained. The northern and eastern terraces are connected to the gardens opposite. The height of the platform in the Apadana Palace is 16 m. and the height of its columns is 18 m.

 

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Persepolis (Nation Gate Palace)

 

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Pillars of Persepolis

 

Sassanide Palace, Sarvestan, Shiraz

Located 9 km southwest of Sarvestan, it is a large monument made of stone and gypsum. This monument dates back to the Sassanian period and to the time of Bahram-Gour (420-438 AD). Mehrnevsi, his well-known minister ordered the construction of this palace. Since 1956, major renovations took place. This monument has been registered on the list of National Monuments of Iran.

 

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Tang-e-Chowgan Cave, Kazeroon

In the Chowgan Valley there is a rather large cave in which a huge statue of Shapour I has been carved. The length of cave entrance is about 16 m., with a height of less than 8 m. The height of statue is 7 m. high and its shoulders are 2 m. wide, and its hands are 3 m. long. It is said that in addition to this giant statue of Shapour I, the tomb of this great man is also situated in this cave most probably.

 

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Vakil Bath, Shiraz

It is located near the Vakil Mosque. Due to change in the conditions of public baths, it has lost its original shape. The Vakil Bath is a monument of the Zand period.

 

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Religious Monuments

Shah Cheraq Mausoleum, Shiraz

A place of pilgrimage but also worth visiting for its unbelievable mirror work, it contains the tomb of the brother of Imam Reza (PBUH) who died in the 8th century. The first construction of it is attributed to Atabak Sa’ad Ebn-e-Zangi. In the 8th century AH it was repaired and developed by the mother of Ishaq Injoo. In the early 10th century AH, it was again repaired. But late in the century, an earthquake ruined it so it underwent renovation once more. In the year 1243 AH, during the reign of Fathali Shah Qajar, some sections were added to it. In the year 1958 its dome was reconstructed. This shrine is one of the most famed places of pilgrimage for the followers of the Shiite sect in Iran and in the world.

 

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Atiq Jame’ Mosque, Shiraz

This mosque was built in celebration of the conquest of Shiraz by Saffarid Amroleiss in the year 276 AH and was completed in 281 AH. It has been restored many times. The height of the building and its various nocturnal areas (Shabestans) with beautiful tile work on the ceilings, gives a unique charm to this place.

 

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Natural Attractions

Eram Garden, Shiraz

With its beautiful flowers and decorative plants as well as its amazing edifice, it is now also known as the Botanical Garden of Shiraz University, and is in the heart of the city of Shiraz .

 

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Culture and Art

Natural History and Technology Museum, Shiraz   

This museum is a new double storeyed building which consists of two sections. The natural history section was inagurated in 1974 and the technology section was inagurated in 1986. by the Shiraz University.

Universities

The Governmental universities in Fars province

Shiraz University, Shiraz University of Technology, Islamic Azad University of Shiraz, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz University of Applied Science and Technology, Shahid Bahonar College of Technology and Engineering of Shiraz, Hafez Institute of Higher Education, Zand Institute of Higher Education, Honar Institute of Higher Education, Earm Institute of Higher Education, Pasargad Institute of Higher Education, Payam Noor University of Shiraz, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Jahrum University of Medical Sciences, Jahrum University.

The Islamic Azad universities in Fars province

Islamic Azad University of Fars Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University of Abadeh, Islamic Azad University of Arsanjan, Islamic Azad University of Beiza, Islamic Azad University of Darab, Islamic Azad University of Eqleed, Islamic Azad University of Jahrum, Islamic Azad University of Sepeedan, Islamic Azad University of Fasa, Islamic Azad University of Firooz Abad, Islamic Azad University of Estahban, Islamic Azad University of Kazeroon, Islamic Azad University of Lar, Islamic Azad University of Lamerd, Islamic Azad University of Marvdasht, Islamic Azad University of Neyreez, Islamic Azad University of Abadeh Tashk, Islamic Azad University of Mamasani ( Noorabad ), Islamic Azad University of Mohr, Islamic Azad University of Daryoon, Islamic Azad University of Farashband, Islamic Azad University of Evaz, Islamic Azad University of Safa Shahr, Islamic Azad University of Sarvestan, Islamic Azad University of Gerash, Islamic Azad University of Khafr, Islamic Azad University of Khonj, Islamic Azad University of Kavar, Islamic Azad University of Kherameh, Islamic Azad University of Pasargod, Islamic Azad University of Zarghan, Islamic Azad University of Zarrindasht.

Handicrafts and Souvenirs, Fars

Kilims (Kilims), coarse carpet, rug, carpet and hand made woven products with colorful designs well representing the tribal aspects of the Fars province. The most famous handicrafts of the Shiraz is Khatam (inlaid work). Other handicrafts are felt carpet, local shoes, leather and wooden products, local pastries, and other handicrafts. Some Tribal Handicrafts are shown below:

 

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Local and Regional Foods, Fars

In different cities, villages and tribal areas of the province, special kinds of food are prepared. These are known as various Aash (vegetable Shorba) such as Shalqam,Anar, Meat Aash, Yogurt, Kashk, Yasorak, Reshteh, Macaroni, Spinach, Qooreh, Kardeh, Dooq and Kaleh Pacheh Aashes; different Abgoosht(meat Shorbas) such as cabbage, Macaroni, Adasi and simple Abgoosht. Other dishes consists of Polow Babooneh, Havij Polow, Koofteh Helew, Dampokht, Meigoo Polow, Kalam Polow Shirazi, various Khoreshts or curries, Boranies and so many varieties which would be quite interesting and fun for new comers to taste.

Local Music and Dances, Fars

Music and dances of the Fars province whether it is rural/tribal or traditional music are composed of pleasant sounds and happy songs. The “Stick dance” and “Helli” are some of tribal dances in the province.

 

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Tribal Music and Dances

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Tribal Music and Dances

 

Tribal Area , Fars

The Fars province is a home to many tribes that comprise of about 10 thousand families in total. These tribes are the Qashqaie, Khamseh, Boyer-Ahmadi and Mamasani. The life styles of these tribes have always attracted tourists to Iran. The summer residing quarters (cooler regions) where Qashqaie tribes move to frequently in summer is in the extreme northern sections of the Kamfirooz region, extending from Tavileh Band and Garmeh to Brujen.The Khamseh tribes make use of the lands to the east of this area, from Marvdasht to Bovanat. On the other hand, in winter, the Qashqaies migrate to the southern parts of the province, as their winter residing quarter, such as, Firooz Abad, Maymand, Bushgan, etc. At the same time, the Khamsehs occupy vast areas in the east and southeast of the province including Fasa, Jahrum, Darab and Lar. The Mohammad Abad Village (in Eqleed), Dozdkar Village(in Sepeedan), Bardaneh Village(in Darab) and other villages such as Khosrow-va-Shirin, Qotb Abad and Qalat subdivision have charming rural settings surrounded by interesting plants and watersheds or springs.

 

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Kilim, Tribal Handicraft