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Mazandaran

Mazandaran

05/22/13

Geography and History

Mazandaran province covers an area of 23,701 sq. km. The townships of the province are as follows: Amol, Babol, Babolsar, Behshahr, Tonekabon, Chaloos, Ramsar, Sary, Savad Kooh, Qaem Shahr, Mahmood Abad, Neka, Noor and Noshahr. The city of Sary is the center of Mazandaran province. Mazandaran (Khazar) Sea or the Caspian Sea is to the north, the provinces of Tehran and Semnan lie towards the south. To the west it has common borders with the Gilan province, and to the east stands the province of Golestan. According to the census of 2006, the population of the province was about 2.9 million of which 53.17 % were registered as urban dwellers, 46.81 % dwell in the rural areas and the remaining were non-residents. From the geographical point of view, Mazandaran province is divided into two parts i.e. coastal plain and the mountainous area. The Alborz Mountain Range like a huge wall has surrounded the coastal strip and plains of the Caspian Sea. Due to permanent sea breez and local winds of the southern and eastern coasts of the Caspian Sea, sandy hills are formed, causing the appearance of a low natural barrier between the sea and plain.

Climate

Mazandaran province naturally comes under the influence of the geographical latitude, Alborz heights, elevation from sea level, distance from the sea, and the southern barren areas of Turkmenistan, local and regional air currents, and versatile vegetation cover. Therefore, prompting the climate of the province to be divided into three types : Moderate Caspian weather with hot, humid summers, and mild, humid winters. Moderate mountainous weather with long, cold, and freezing winters and mild and short summers, and cold mountainous weather with long freezing winters and short cool summers. There is often snowfall during most of the seasons in the latter region, which continues till mid -summer.

History and Culture

There is not much information available on the ancient history of the province, and basically the climatic conditions of the region have prevented the existence of historical monuments. There are no sound vestiges obtained related to the pre-Islamic periods in the coastal plains of Mazandaran. Besides, there is no monument or memorial present in the reputed cities of the early Islamic period, except for the Amol and Sary cities. On the encroachment of the Aryans and the migration of natives, the new settlers, came under the Achaemenian rulers for a period of time. In the year 30 AH. during the caliphate of Osman, Saad-Ebne-Aas, the governor of Kufeh, conquered the coasts of Tabarestan, Roomian, and Damavand.
During the caliphate of Abou Jafar Mansour (136-158 AH.), the second Abbasi Caliph, the people of Tabarestan revolted against him continuousely. Ultimately, Vandad Hormoz established an independent dynasty in Tabarestan in 167 AH. In the year 426 AH. Soltan Mahmoud Qaznavi entered Tabarestan via Gorgan and was responsible for heavy damages.
Soltan Mohammad Kharazmshah invaded Tabarestan in the year 606 AH. Thereafter, the Mongols governed the region and finally were overthrown by the Teimoorids. On the death of Amir Teimoor, Sa’adat Marashi (807-850 AH.) returned to the region and took over the power, but lost the same during the reign of Shah Abbas I . After the dissolution of the feudal government of Tabarestan, which held power till the year 1006 AH., the region was dominated by Shah Abbas I and his successors. During the reign of Nader Shah, a ship building foundry or workshop was established in Mazandaran in order to confront with enemies specially the Russians. During the reign of Fathali Shah Qajar, the verdant region of Mazandaran was paid due attention as a recreational area. During the Pahlavi era, a network of roads were constructed in this region, as in other parts of the country. Suitable environmental conditions, pleasant and moderate climate, beautiful natural landscapes, and proximity to Teheran, have caused this province to be one of the main recreational and tourism areas of the country. Besides catering to the local or native inhabitants, Mazandaran province, has offered refuge to many other communities such as the Balooch, Turks, Lors, Afqans, Georgians, and the Armenians, who have upheld their respective traditions and culture till now. The Tabari or Mazandarani language is the ancient language of the Iranians or (Parsi) dialect. This was one of the languages that did not come under the influence of others, such as the foreign languages of the Mongols, Arabic and the Tatar, and remains till this date in various dialects in the region . Reputed scholars and poets have been raised in this territory, for example, Nima the famous contemporary poet of Iran.

Mazandaran Province Townships

Amol, Babol, Babolsar, Behshahr, Chaloos, Mahmood Abad, Neka, Noor, Noshahr, Qaem Shahr, Ramsar, Sary, Savad Kooh, Tonekabon.

Amol

The township of Amol is located to the west of the province. To the north and south of which are the alluvial plains, with a considerably warm and humid climate; and the Alborz mountains respectively. Some historians in the past have associated this ancient city with the periods of the Pishdadians and the ‘Kianians’. In respect to the relics and coins found in this region, this city can be said to be the capital of this territory during the Sassanide era. The inhabitants of Amol city, embraced Islam during the reign of Mahdi, the Abbasi Caliph, after which Islamic structures came into focus here.But after the Mongol invasion, the region was subject to devastation and it was during this time that Sary was declared as capital. In the beginning of the 7th century AH., Hessam-edin Ardeshir, shifted the capital from Sary to Amol, and constructed his palace there. But in the year 795 AH., the cities of Amol and Sary were plundered by Amir Teimoor Gurkani and there after Amol suffered a set-back. The great scholar and religious personality (translator of The Holy Qoran), Mohammad Ebne Jarir Tabari is from Amol city. Today, the new city of Amol stands to the north of the ancient city, and is a thriving vicinity. Amol is situated at a distance of 240 km. from Tehran.

Babol

The township of Babol stretches out in a north-south direction, to the north of which is the township of Babolsar, and the coastal plains. Whereas, to the south is the township of Damavand, in the Tehran province. Apart from the northern sector and central sections that are located in the plains, the southern segment in the mountainous region, being cold in the upper areas and humid and temperate in the plains. The original name of the city was Mamtir and in the 10th century AH. the city of Barforoosh came up in its place and in the year 160 AH. Maziyar Ebne Qaran constructed the Jame’ Mosque.During the Savafid and Qajar eras the city prospered and thrived specially in the economic field and took an important position during the reign of Fathali Shah. Before the October revolution in Russia, Babol maintained commercial ties with Russia, via the Port of Babolsar, and thereby became one of the important trading centers in Mazandaran province. Today, it is one of the most beautiful cities of the province and is located 268 km. from Tehran.

Babolsar

The township of Babolsar is located in the coastal plains of Mazandaran, and its center is the city of Babolsar, which lies at a distance of 268 km.. from Tehran. In the older times, Babolsar was called Meshadsar and has existed for more than a century, and stands at the mouth of the Babol River. In the old times the city being a port, played an important role regarding trade and commerce between Iran and Russia. But after which lost its importance, only to be favored once again during the reign of Pahlavi I. This city though small is beautiful, and is famous for its recreational areas and relaxing atmosphere.

Behshahr

The township of Behshahr is to the east of the province and to the north of which is the Caspian Sea. This region experiences a temperate and humid climate with the city of Behshahr as its center, located 326 km. from Tehran. This city nestles in the northern skirts of the Alborz Mountains. This territory was formerly known as Kharguran, and was erected under the orders of Shah Abbas. Thence known as Ashraf-ol-Belad. Shah Abbas was responsible for bringing a large number of Georgians to this territory in order to create a settlement. Thereby in this city, various tribes or clans such as , the Georgians, Talesh, Lankaran and Taat live. This region today besides the natural landscape has historical relics too.

Chaloos

This township is within the limits of the Caspian Sea to the north and to Tehran in the south, with suitable geographical conditions. Its main city is Chaloos, which is situated in the form of a crossroad and accounts for one of the ancient cities of the province and located in the central coastal plains of the Caspian Sea. In the ancient times this city was called Saloos or Shahloos. Near this city were two other smaller cities by the names of Kabeereh and Kacheh. An historian writes that the ancient geographical scholars state that Chaloos was a part of Tabarestan.Mohammad Ebne Ovais, one of the commanders of the Arab caliphates, appointed his son Ahmad as ruler of Chaloos. During the invasion of Amir Teimoor, the city was turned to rubble and for centuries remained a tiny village. At the beginning of 14th century AH., with government support it gradually developed, turning into a city. Today it is a beautiful city with a wide range of facilities for tourists.

Mahmood Abad

Mahmood Abad in past, was one of the ports of Amol and held an important position concerning transport and trade between Iran and Russia. But with the development of ports such as, Noshahr and Anzali, Mahmood Abad lost its importance, and today is one of the cities on the fringes of the Caspian Sea that engulfs suitable recreational areas and offers service facilities to visitors.

Neka

This township is located to the southeast of Sary and in the fringes of the Caspian Sea, and close to the city of Behshahr. The said city is also considered as an industrial locality in the northern territory. Not much is known about this area in geographical or historical accounts of the past, that is till the Qajar dynasty. But in the geographical records of the early Islamic period, the name Mirdan a city near the current city of Neka has been mentioned. Deh Khoda has mentioned the River Neka in his encyclopedia. It seems that Neka was a vicinity or ‘block’ comprising of various rural settlements.The present Neka has sprung up from the village of ‘Naranj’, alongside a bridge on Neka River within the past 70 years. Due to the railway line running across this area, and suitable network of communications, together with the establishment of the wood industry, oil reservoirs and an electric power plant, the area is one of the important developing centers of the province. Furthermore, Neka has a beautiful coastline and is near the Peninsula of Miankaleh.

Noor

The township of Noor is located in the center of the province, to the north of which is the Caspian Sea, and to its south the province of Tehran. The city of Noor is located in the coastal plains with a humid and temperate climate, and at a distance of 243 km. from Tehran. In the past, Noor was reputedly known as Suldeh and is one of the ancient cities of western Mazandaran. The same has been named due to a sparkling Noor river in this vicinity and because of its strategic position held its own. The presence of castles and other fortifications reveal this fact.

Noshahr

The township of Noshahr is located within the limits of the Caspian Sea to its north, and the Alborz Mountains in the south. The southern region experiences a mountainous climate, whereas the northern sector in the plains, has a temperate and humid climate. Formerly, Noshahr was known as Khajak and because of its prominent coastal position and port facilitation, drew attention. With the passage of time, it came to be known as Habib Abad. In the year 1939 it was named Noshahr.At present it enjoys good port facilities and is considered as one of the active ports in the Caspian Sea region. After the dissolution of U.S.S.R, Noshahr has maintained ties with various republics in the vicinity of the Caspian Sea and plays an important part in this realm. Noshahr is located 195 km. from Tehran.

Qaem Shahr

The township of Qaem Shahr is located to the west of Sary and to its northern limits is the Caspian Sea. Qaem Shahr is situated in a lush green plain and in past was known as Ali Abad. Ali Abad was a village having a mausoleum which drew pilgrims to this area. This vicinity also has a palace from the times of Shah Abbas. But with the passage of time, other villages amalgamating to the village of Ali Abad, and gradually grew into a city. In the year 1935 it was called Shahi, and since then has become an industrial city. It is said that this city is related to the Espahbodan period.

Ramsar

Ramsar is located to the extreme west of the province, to the north of which lies the Caspian Sea, and to the west and south are the provinces of Gilan and Qazvin respectively. Ramsar is one of the old cities of the province, and according to historical records dates to approximately a thousand years back. A reputed and large family dwelled here and a major portion of them were ‘Saadat’ (or descendants of the Prophet Mohammad A.S). Ramsar, years before 1931 was a rural area by the name of Sakhtsar. Today this historical city has expanded and thereby turned into an excellent recreational area in northern Iran, enhanced with natural beauty, a place to enjoy for foreign visitors.

Sary

Sary is the largest township of the province and is located in the center of the province and has a moderate and humid climate. The city of Sary is the capital city of Mazandaran province, and is located 277 km. from Tehran. The city was primarily constructed in the pre-Islamic period and is related to Toos-Ebne-Nowdar. The large mosque of Sary was the first structure to be erected in the year 140 AH. by the Moslems. In the year 298 AH. the city was set to flames by tribes that thronged to it from the vicinity of the Caspian. In the beginning of the 4th century AH., floods caused severe damage to this area. During the reign of Kharazmshah and the Mongol invasion, Sary was witness to further destruction. In the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid, important edifices were built in Sary.During the Zandiyeh conquests in Tabarestan, the capital was shifted to Barforoosh (Babol). In the years 1200-1211 AH. that is during the rule of Aqa Mohammad Khan Qajar, the capital city was once more transferred from Barforoosh to Sary, and once again promoted its importance. Today this beautiful city with the construction of private and government buildings, along with a railway line passing alongside the city, together with a good network of roads is a prospering vicinity.

Savad Kooh

The township of Savad Kooh has emerged from the setting and the expansion of the rural areas in the valley and mountainous region, with a habitat, full of natural vegetation with a moderate climate. Today this vicinity is one of the main centers of tourism.

Tonekabon

The township of Tonekabon exists along the Caspian Sea in the north and has common borders with the province of Qazvin from south. In its northern regions it has a moderate and humid climate and in the southern portions cold weather prevails. The main city is Tonekabon, which is 257 km. from Tehran. The territory of Tonekabon was originally part of Gilan. Numerous evidences discovered in various parts of the region, indicate that it was a flourishing city in past. The ancient Tonekabon came under the realm of the Royan territory, also called Rostamdar. The Padusbanan held the power of this vicinity till the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid I. There after till the year 1209 AH. which was the beginning of the reign of Aqa Mohammad Khan Qajar, this city was known as Faiz. After downfall of this dynasty, the city was called Shahsavar, and thence after the Islamic Revolution was reverted to Tonekabon once more. Its a thriving city worth visiting.

Historical Monuments

Baladeh Castle, Noor

This structure ranks first in importance amongst the other castles in Mazandaran province. It was utilized even in the early Safavid era, and was then one of the seats of local power. The loftiness of this castle is apparent in its remnants on the hill, overlooking a section of Baladeh. On the fall of the Paduspani dynasty, the structure fell into the hands of the Safavids. If the same, be repaired it will be an attractive sight-seeing area.

 

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Farah Abad (Safavid) Aggregate, Sary

This aggregate is at a distance of 28 km. north of Sary, in the village of Farah Abad. During the reign of Shah Abbas Safavid, the same was considered as one of the important structures in the north of Iran. It was because of this reason that the royal palaces, mosques, schools, bazaars, baths, bridges and gardens were set up here. Unfortunately this was destroyed by a group of rebellious Cossacks of the Tzar. Only the mosque remained untouched in this turmoil.The said structure, that is the mosque comprised of a central court-yard and chambers on the east, west and northern sides. It is unique in architectural techniques and was most probably utilized as a school. Today, this mosque is in a better condition as it has undergone repairs. But unfortunately, due to the passage of time, the palace (Jahanama) is heading towards deterioration.

 

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Tamishan Palace, Noor

This palace is located 5 km. from Noor city, and was constructed under the orders of Ashraf Pahlavi (the sibling of Mohammad Reza Shah), during the reign of Pahlavi II. The said palace today is included in the aggregate of palaces which are under the surveillance of the ‘Janbaz’ (war veteran) Foundation. The grounds of the said palace are extremely large and include a swimming pool, stable and residential quarters for the guards. There is another palatial building opposite the palace, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, this was used as the private beach premises by the royal family.

 

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Other edifices and palaces in Mazandaran province are named as, The Abbas Abad palace, located 8 km. south east of the township of Behshahr,(related to the Safavid era). The Cheshmeh Emarat palace, in Behshahr, (related to the Safavid period). The Owjabat palace, in Kalar Dasht, (related to the Pahlavi era). The Babol palace, in south Babol, (related to the Pahlavi reign) and the Chaikhoran palace, in Chaloos, (related to the Pahlavi era).

 

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Babol Palace, Babol

 

Mohammad Hassan Khan Bridge, Babol

This large bridge was constructed in the year 1146 AH., in the beginning of the reign of Karim Khan Zand. The bridge spans over the Babol River. The same has seven main aches and two smaller ones to the height of 11 m. The length of this bridge is 140 m. and is to the width of 6 m. The said is considered as one of the important and ancient bridges of the province.

 

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Veresk Bridge, Savad Kooh

This bridge was constructed during the reign of Reza Shah, on the Veresk River in the vicinity of Savad Kooh. During world war II, it was reputedly known as the Pol-e-Piroozi, or the bridge of victory. The bridge is at an elevation of 110 m. and its arch measures 66 m. in length. The same is one of the master pieces of engineering to do with the railway track in northern Iran.

 

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Religious Monuments

Imamzadeh Abbas, Sary

The said structure with a pyramid shaped dome, and in regards to other architectural finishes has both artistic and historical value. There is a beautiful and ancient wooden chest on the tomb with the date 897 AH. engraved on it. Here three personalities have been laid to rest, named as Imamzadeh Abbas, Mohammad and Hassan. The external and internal parts of the structure reveal chalk and brick work, besides the inscriptions. The structure is 23 m. in height.

 

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Imamzadeh Abdollah, Amol

The same is situated in the village of ‘Osku Mahaleh’, 12 km. southwest of Amol. The original structure was demolished in the year 1964, and a new one was erected. The sepulcher is of gold and silver, which is the work of artisans from the city of Esfahan. Other vestiges of the same are the tomb of Bibi Fatimeh and a type of remedial center. The Imamazadeh also provides facilities for pilgrims, in addition to a bazaar and other constructions around it.

 

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Imamzadeh Ebrahim, Amol

The same is a four-sided brick structure with a pyramid like shaped dome. On the door and wooden chest there in, are carved inscriptions with the date 925 AH. The text of the said inscriptions are related to Abu Mohammad Ebrahim, the offspring of Imam Moosa Kazem (AS). Apart from the spectacular architectural techniques this structure displays, its wooden relics such as the chest and doors, adornments and inscriptions related to the Qajar period are interesting features. There is a written account of the arrival of Imamzadeh Ebrahim to Amol and his martyrdom here.

 

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Imamzadeh Yahya, Sary

The brick tower of Imamzadeh Yahya is located in Sary, and has an ancient wooden chest and door. The inscription reveals the date of construction of the chest, being in the year 849 AH. According to records Imamzadeh Yahya is one of the offsprings of Imam Moosa Kazem (AS). The tower of the construction stands to the height of 20 m. circular in shape and with a pyramid like dome.

 

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The other famous Imamzdehs of the province are, Aqa Shah Baluzadeh Mausoleum, 21 km. south east of Soldeh, in the village of Ahoo Dasht, Noor. The Imamzadeh Abdol Haq Mausoleum in Zirab, Savad Kooh. The Soltan Mohammad Taher Mausoleum, on the Babol – Kiakalla Road. Imamzadeh Taher and Motahar , in the village of Hezar Khal, Kujur-e-Noor. Chenar-e-Imamzadeh Yusuf Reza, in Razi Hospital of Qaem Shahr. The Mir Heydar ( Sar Seyed ) Mausoleum. The famous Atishkadeh tower in Amol, Imamzadeh Qasem, Seyrat Dome (Bandpeyie), Imamzdeh Issa Ebne Kazem (Kharmian), Shah Fakhruddin Mausoleum (Kalma), Shatir Gonbad Mausoleum, in Sary. The Dervish Fakhruddin Mausoleum in Babol and Imamzadeh Abdollah (Atrab) in Neka.

 

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Imamzadeh Taher Va Motahar, Noor

 

Sary Jame’ Mosque, Sary

This structure is located in the Chenarbon Mahaleh of Sary, and its primary structure was constructed under the orders of Abol Qaseib, the Arab ruler of Tabarestan in the year 144 AH. The current structure is devoid of any historical relics. It has a square court-yard, nocturnal areas and a porch.

 

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Natural Attractions

Tonekabon and Ramsar Forests, Ramsar  

These green forests with a high percentage of rainfall are also reputedly known as the Do Hezar forests of Jennat-e-Roodbar and Eshkavarat. The same are located between the sea and the mountainous region. Suitable forest and rural roads, variable natural and regional factors are responsible for making these forests one of the peerless regions in Iran and the globe. The same being a wonderful recreational area.

 

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Caspian Sea, Mazandaran

The largest lake of the world, Caspian sea (land-blocked body of water), covers an area of 438,000 sq. km. and is located between Iran and countries such as the Republics of Qazaqistan, Turkamanistan, and Azarbayjan. Its southern coast which extends from the Hosseinqoli Gulf to Astara is in the jurisdiction of Iran. In past this lake was known as Heerkani, and in foreign texts and maps was called ‘Caspian’. The average depth of this lake in the north is 6 m. and to the west and south west regions is at the most 1,000 m. The coast of this lake is sandy and low-lying, with the Gulfs of Qarah Boqaz and Gorgan to the north east and southeast respectively. The latter is segregated from the Caspian Sea due to the presence of the Miankaleh Peninsula.The Anzali Wetland also separates from this lake by the Qazian Island. The Caspian Sea comprises of three sections, the northern, central and the southern ones. The Iranian coasts of the Mazandaran Sea stretches to the length and width of 3 to over 30 km. from Astara to Gomishan and the mouth of the Attrak. Its northern landscape engulfs the blue and considerably calm Caspian Sea, and in the southern region, except for the western sector which comprises of high lands and wetlands in general, are the scenic beauty painted by the forests on the skirts of the Alborz Mountains. Much beyond these forests , stand the majestic and snow-capped peaks of Alborz, enhacing a special beauty to the said landscape.Besides which, surrounding the coastal area are citrus orchards, rice fields, verdant pastures- all rendering a glorious and eye-catching view! The most important regions in this vicinity that can be interesting regarding tourism are the following: Ramsar – Alamdeh axis, Alamdeh – Babolsar axis, and Babolsar – Farah Abad axis and Behshahr. The Caspian Sea Shore is shown below:

 

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Abbas Abad Lake, Behshahr

Located in the southeast of Behshahr in the midst of the forest, is a lake with an area of about 10 hectares. Due to the fact that in past, Shah Abbas Safavid was responsible for constructions in this vicinity, thereby the name. Being easily accessible by vehicle, in addition to a resting area, ancient relics, sweet water and pleasant weather make this region a must place for tourists to visit.

 

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Estakhr-e-Posht Lake, Neka

This lake covers an area of about 6 hectares and is situated in the Estakhr-e-Posht village in the valley of Zarom river. The lake resembles a huge and circular water hole, around which are rice fields and rush-brakes. Temporary shelters can be found in the vicinity, though it is devoid of any type of service facilities. Access to this lake can be by the beautiful forest road from the city of Neka by vehicle. The valley and Zarom river add to the tourist attractions.

 

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Valasht Lake, Chaloos

This lake encompasses an area of about 15 hectares, and is located in a deep valley to the southwest of Chaloos and to the northeast of Kelar Dasht region. This area forms a suitable habitat for waterfowls and a variety of water species. Unfortunately, no organized exploitation has been made in this lake regarding fishing industry, and fishing only takes place by fishing rods here. Access to this lake is from the west of the Chaloos Road and Marzan Abad.

 

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Culture and Art

Kandolos Museum and Culture House, Noor

The village of Kandolos, today called Mikhsar, nestles in the green slopes of the Alborz Mountain Ranges in the Kujur region of Mazandaran. The Cultural House of Kandolos is located on the hill overlooking the village of Kandolos. The construction of this structure began in 1981, and was completed in the year 1987. The founder of the said being Ali Asqar Jahangiri. The ultimate aim of this cultural house, was to collect all evidences and documents in this ancient village, and keep these in safe custody. The collection includes earthenware, coins, historical documents, books, hand written texts, relics related to anthropology such as, tools used in agriculture and animal husbandry, handicrafts, ornamental articles, local apparel and paintings.

Universities

The Governmental universities in Mazandaran province

Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences(Sary), Sary Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University(Sary), University of Mazandaran(Babolsar), Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Behshahr University of Science and Technology, Imam Khomeini University for Naval Sciences(Noshahr), Shomal University(Amol).

The Islamic Azad universities in Mazandaran province

Islamic Azad University of Mazanderan located on Sary, Qaem shahr, Babol, Amol, Chaloos, Savad kooh, Behshahr, Neka.

Handicrafts and Souvenirs, Mazandaran

Handicrafts in Mazandaran province are, carpet , Kilim (or a coarse type of carpet), silk weaves, textile , jajeem (or a type of loosely woven woolen material), earthenware vessels, wooden articles, vessels and statues, felt weaving, wicker work, bamboo products, silk and cotton cloths, crocheting, and other handicrafts.

 

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Ceramic of Jooibar

 

In addition to the above there are silk scarves and apparel, articles made of felt, mats and wood. Handicrafts are put on for sale usually at the entrance and exit points of the cities and thereby paint a pretty picture!

 

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Chanteh (Bag)

 

Local and Regional Foods, Mazandaran

The regional cuisine of Mazandaran province offers a wide array of colorful dishes. Breakfast brings forth a variety of jams accompanied with the traditional types of bread and … Lunch and dinner display umpteen kinds of meat, vegetable, leafy vegetable dishes accompanied by pickles of all sorts. There are a variety of Aash or the traditional type of soup with vegetables and meat stock such as, Aash-e-dooq, Aash-e-kalam, Aash-e-kadu, Aash-e gilaki, Aash-e- aloo, torsh Aash and…… to name a few. A variety of kababs (grilled meat or poultry) such as kabab-e-mazandarani, seeka kabab, qaz kabab,(or duck kabab), jujeh kabab, (or chicken kabab), tazeh kabab, heli kabab, kabab-e-mahi kafal (or a type of fish kabab) etc. Various types of kookoo ( or a type of dish having a combination of eggs with vegetables, meat or fish) such as, kookoo badkubehyi, kookoo sabzi, baqla kookoo, kookoo gilani, kookoo mahi or fish etc. A wide variety of fish dishes are also on the menu, including many kinds of curry with rice and condiments.

Local Music and Dances, Mazandaran

Music in this region relates to the life style of the inhabitants, and the melodies revolve around issues such as the forests, cultivation or farming activities and herding. The most famous dance of this area is the Qasem Abadi dance, not forgetting the stick dance that the men perform.